International Conventions and Agreements On Mediation

 International Conventions and Agreements on Mediation refer to legal frameworks and agreements established at the international level to promote the use of mediation as a preferred method for resolving disputes. These conventions and agreements aim to facilitate the cross-border enforcement of mediated settlement agreements, enhance international cooperation, and provide a standardized approach to mediation practices.

International Conventions and Agreements

Here are some key points regarding International Conventions and Agreements on Mediation:

1. United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation (Singapore Convention)

The Singapore Convention, adopted by the United Nations in 2018, facilitates the enforcement of mediated settlement agreements in international commercial disputes. It establishes a streamlined process for enforcing such agreements across borders, similar to the enforcement of arbitral awards under the New York Convention. The Singapore Convention promotes the use of mediation as a reliable and efficient method for resolving cross-border disputes and contributes to international trade and investment.

2. Regional Conventions and Agreements on Mediation

Regional bodies and organizations have developed conventions and agreements to promote mediation within specific regions. For example:

·       The European Mediation Directive encourages the use of mediation in civil and commercial matters across European Union member states.

·       The African Union Convention on Mediation seeks to enhance mediation as a means of conflict prevention, resolution, and post-conflict reconstruction in Africa.

·       The ASEAN Agreement on Mediation aims to facilitate the resolution of commercial disputes among member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

3. Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements on Mediation

Countries may enter into bilateral agreements to promote and support the use of mediation in cross-border disputes. Multilateral agreements or initiatives involve multiple countries coming together to encourage the use of mediation in specific sectors or contexts. Likewise, these agreements often address issues such as cross-border family disputes, international investment disputes, or environmental disputes.

4. Mediation Provisions in International Treaties and Trade Agreements

International treaties and trade agreements sometimes include provisions that promote the use of mediation for dispute resolution. These provisions encourage parties to consider mediation before pursuing formal litigation or arbitration. Likewise, mediation provisions aim to reduce the costs and delays associated with traditional legal processes and foster amicable resolution of disputes.

5. International Institutions and Initiatives Promoting Mediation

International organizations such as the United Nations and the International Chamber of Commerce have played significant roles in promoting mediation through guidelines, recommendations, and capacity-building initiatives. Initiatives like the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation provide a framework for the adoption of mediation legislation and best practices globally.

6. Challenges and Limitations in Implementing International Conventions and Agreements on Mediation

Amidst all the development and success, the implementation of international conventions and agreements on mediation faces challenges related to varying legal systems, cultural differences, and differing approaches to mediation across countries.

So, ensuring widespread adoption and harmonization of mediation practices and standards remains a complex task.

7. Future Developments and Trends in International Mediation Agreements

Ongoing developments include the potential expansion of the Singapore Convention's reach and the exploration of new conventions or initiatives to further promote mediation globally. Besides, the emerging trends may involve the integration of technology, the inclusion of mediation provisions in a wider range of agreements, and an increased focus on cross-sectoral applications of mediation.


International Conventions and Agreements on Mediation contribute to the growth and acceptance of mediation as a valuable method for resolving disputes globally. They provide a framework for establishing uniformity, facilitating enforcement, and promoting the use of mediation across borders, thereby enhancing access to justice and fostering peaceful resolution of conflicts.

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